WASTE to become WEALTH, REFUSE to become RESOURCE, TRASH to become CASH.
Medical care is vital for our life and health, but the waste generated from medical activities represents a real problem for living nature and human world. Improper management of waste generated in health care facilities causes a direct health impact on the community, the health care workers and on the environment. Every day, relatively large amount of potentially infectious and hazardous waste is generated in health care hospitals and facilities around the world.
This issue of Site News introduces the readers to Health Care waste management and provides information related to, Definition of healthcare waste and its categories, problems relating to biomedical waste and procedure of handling, disposal method of biomedical waste, challenges, prevention, policy and guidelines.
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- DEFINITION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF HEALTH-CARE WASTE
Health-care waste includes all the waste generated by health-care establishments, research facilities, and laboratories. In addition, it includes waste originating from "minor" or "scattered" sources-such as that produced in the course of health care undertaken in the home (dialysis, insulin injections, etc.).
- PHARMACEUTICAL WASTE COMPLIANCE FOR HEALTHCARE FACILITIES
The information provided in this presentation is based on the referenced Code of Federal Regulations and State regulations. This data is presented only as a reference. For complete requirements or legal counsel on hazardous waste regulations and interpretations, generators should consult their legal department, the applicable Code of Federal Regulations and applicable State regulatory agencies.
- MANAGING PHARMACEUTICAL WASTE: A 10-STEP BLUEPRINT FOR HEALTHCARE FACILITIES IN THE UNITED STATES
The discovery of a variety of pharmaceuticals in surface, ground, and drinking waters around the country is raising concerns about the potentially adverse environmental consequences of these contaminants. This article introduces you to a 10-step approach recommended by Healthcare Environmental Resource Center (HERC) and Practice Greenhealth (formerly Hospitals for a Healthy Environment (H2E)) to help you develop and implement a comprehensive pharmaceutical hazardous waste management program.
- HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT AT HEALTHCARE FACILITIES
Health care waste is a source of generation of hazardous biomedical waste. According to WHO Fact Sheet, of the total waste generated by healthcare activities, about 80% is general waste. The remaining 20% is considered hazardous that may be infectious, toxic or radioactive. It is necessary to design proper policies to avoid the spread of infection through waste and illegal reuse of the waste material. Policies should provide specification for handling waste for generation, segregation, collection, storage, transportation and treatment.
- BIO-MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT: SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS & PREDICTORS OF PERFORMANCES IN 25 DISTRICTS ACROSS 20 INDIAN STATES
A legislative framework for bio-medical waste management (BMWM) was established in the country more than a decade ago. Though some studies have identified gaps at local levels, no systematic effort was done to collect data from different parts of the country. The objective of this nationwide study was to document existing resources, infrastructure and practices related to BMWM across the study districts.
- AWARENESS ABOUT BIO-MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT AMONG HEALTH CARE PERSONNEL OF SOME IMPORTANT MEDICAL CENTERS IN AGRA
The proper handling and disposal of Bio-medical waste (BMW) is very imperative. There are well defined set of rules for handling BMW worldwide. Unfortunately, laxity and lack of adequate training and awareness, in execution of these rules leads to staid health and environment apprehension. In this research paper, awareness about bio-medical waste (BMW) management rules among health care personnel of some important health care facilities in Agra is evaluated.
- NEED OF BIOMEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN HOSPITALS - AN EMERGING ISSUE - A REVIEW
The article deals with the basic issues as definition, categories, problems relating to biomedical waste and procedure of handling and disposal method of Biomedical Waste Management. It also intends to create awareness amongst the personnel involved in health care unit.
- APPRAISAL OF EFFECT OF TRAINING ON BIOMEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN HEALTHCARE FACILITY: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY
The study was done to find out the impact of training on knowledge level of the hospital staff who is dealing with biomedical waste on day to day basis.
- MEDICAL WASTE GENERATION AND MANAGEMENT IN DIFFERENT SIZED FACILITIES
The term "medical waste" refers to the waste generated within health-care facilities, research centres and laboratories related to medical procedures as well as the one originating from minor and scattered sources, including waste produced in the course of health care procedures undertaken at home.
- MEDICAL WASTE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES
Many types of facilities can generate medical waste: hospitals, clinics, physicians’ offices, dental practices, blood banks, veterinary hospitals/clinics, medical research facilities, and laboratories. Medical waste may be classified as either non-infectious or infectious.
- MEDICAL WASTE AND HUMAN RIGHTS
The report is divided into two sections: the first reviews the human rights in question at the global level and includes the listing of scientific references and newspaper articles. Scientific articles are cited in the text in the normal way; newspaper articles are not all cited in the text, but are included to give the reader the fullest possible picture. Where possible URLs are provided.
- POLICY ON MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
The purpose of this policy is to provide direction and guidance to health care facilities (HCF’s) to manage their medical waste appropriately as per the United Arab Emirate’s (UAE) Federal law, Health Authority Abu Dhabi, and Municipality rules and regulations, and with minimum risk to their health care staff, patients, visitors and medical waste handlers.
- POOR MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT (MWM) PRACTICES AND ITS RISKS TO HUMAN HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT: A LITERATURE REVIEW
The paper recommends how MWM practices can be improved in medical facilities.
- ELEVEN RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPROVING MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT
These basic recommendations are meant simply as guidelines to stimulate better and more specific planning and action programs at the municipal government level and then at the level of individual health care facilities.
- METRO MANILA SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROJECT - REPORT NO: 11 MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT
This report deals strictly with solid wastes generated in health care facilities. Every facility involved in the provision of care for the maintenance or improvement of the health and well being of either humans or animals produces some type of residue. The quantity, composition, and characteristics of the waste vary depending upon the type of health care facility. A modern hospital in an industrialized area generally is a complex,
multidisciplinary unit that produces a variety of residues.
- HEALTHCARE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN PRIMARY HEALTH CARE SETTINGS: CASE STUDY OF IKENNE LOCAL GOVERNMENT, OGUN STATE, NIGERIA
Healthcare waste management is a major challenge, especially in primary health care facility. This is because waste generated from this facility carries high potential for infections and injuries, yet not many studies have been carried out on healthcare waste generated in the area. Inadequate management of the waste may have serious consequences on public health.
- HEALTHCARE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN GERMANY
Disposal of healthcare waste may pose complex problems because of the broad range of its composition. Household waste has to be managed as well as infectious and hazardous materials, parts of human origin from pathologies or operating theatres and recyclable waste. Occupational safety, legal and economic aspects have to be considered. German good practice guidelines to define, classify and treat medical waste are presented.
- HEALTH CARE WASTE MANAGEMENT – PUBLIC HEALTH BENEFITS, AND THE NEED FOR EFFECTIVE ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATORY SURVEILLANCE IN FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA
Waste generated by health care activities includes a broad range of materials, from used needles and syringes to soiled dressings, body parts, diagnostic samples, blood, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, medical devices and radioactive materials.
- BEST PRACTICE IN HEALTH CARE WASTE MANAGEMENT: EXAMPLES FROM FOUR PHILIPPINE HOSPITALS
This publication is the result of a study made by HCWH on the waste management practices of four tertiary hospitals in Metro Manila. A compilation of best practices, this report highlights how four hospitals in a developing country where an incineration ban is in place have been able to manage, minimize and properly dispose of their waste.
- DISPOSAL OF WASTE MEDICATIONS BY HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
Wide variety of health care facilities discard unwanted medications, including pharmacies; hospitals; offices of physicians, dentists and other health care practitioners; outpatient care centers; residential care facilities; and veterinary clinics.
- ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND MANAGEMENT OF MERCURY WASTE IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
This document provides guidance on the precautions to be taken to avoid mercury spillages during the use of medical instruments, precautions to be taken in case of mercury spillage, mercury spill collection procedures, storage of mercury waste and the final disposal options in general for mercury bearing waste generated from HCFs.
- FOUR STEPS FOR THE SOUND MANAGEMENT OF HEALTH-CARE WASTE IN EMERGENCIES
Poor management of health-care waste can cause serious disease to health-care personnel, to waste workers, patients, the general public, and may severely pollute the environment.
- HEALTH CARE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN INDIA
This report describes India's steep learning curve in the management of HCWs in the last decade and draws a number of lessons from India’s experience. Since 1995, India has made great progress in managing HCWs, notwithstanding delays caused by weaknesses in the country's legal and institutional framework for HCW management.
- HEALTHCARE WASTE MANAGEMENT, ITS IMPACT: A CASE STUDY OF THE GREATER ACCRA REGION, GHANA
- HEALTH TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM 07-01: SAFE MANAGEMENT OF HEALTHCARE WASTE
This UK-wide guidance provides a waste management in order to help healthcare organisations, and other healthcare waste producers, meet legislative requirements as well as identify opportunities to improve waste minimisation and reduce the associated environmental and carbon impacts of managing waste.
- NAMIBIA INTEGRATED HEALTH CARE WASTE MANAGEMENT PLAN
Healthcare waste poses biological, physical, chemical, and/or radiological hazards to those involved in their handling, treatment, and disposal. The waste is a public health risk when persons in the community, including children, come in contact with untreated health care waste (HCW).
- HEALTHCARE WASTE: GENERATION, HANDLING, TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL
This chapter focus types of highly hazardous medical waste relevant to small-scale facilities.
- REDUCING WASTE IN IRISH HEALTHCARE FACILITIES: RESULTS, GUIDANCE, AND TIPS FROM A WASTE PREVENTION PROGRAMME
This document aims to help healthcare facilities become more resource efficient, prevent/reduce waste and cut costs.
- SAFE MANAGEMENT OF WASTES FROM HEALTH-CARE ACTIVITIES
This handbook is intended to be comprehensive, yet concise, "user-friendly" and oriented towards practical management of health-care waste in local facilities. It provides guidelines for the responsible national and local administrators, and is the first publication to offer globally relevant advice on the management of health-care waste.
- BUILDING A SAFE HEALTHCARE WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
It will help stop the spread of infectious diseases, boost defenses against future epidemics and protect communities and the environment against damaging pollutants.
- THE GROWING FOCUS ON WASTE SEGREGATION & SUSTAINABLE WITHIN THE HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY: CARING FOR PATIENTS, THE ENVIRONMENT, AND THE BOTTOM LINE
- WASTE MANAGEMENT AWARENESS HANDBOOK
The handbook, together with appropriate training, aims to inform staff, reduce the health and safety risk associated with healthcare waste and assist in achieving compliance with Government policies, statutory requirements and other relevant health sector guidelines.
- HEALTH CARE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN PUBLIC CLINICS IN THE ILEMBE DISTRICT: A SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS AND INTERVENTION STRATEGY
The purpose of this study was to investigate health care waste (HCW) management practices used in public health clinics in the iLembe Health District.
- SOUTH AFRICAN NATIONAL STANDARD - MANAGEMENT OF HEALTHCARE WASTE
This standard lays down minimum provisions for the safe and effective management of healthcare risk waste generated by healthcare facilities and other places where healthcare professionals work in order to reduce potential risks to humans and to the environment.
- WASTE INCINERATION: A DYING TECHNOLOGY
This report deals with the problems of waste incineration: pollutant releases, both to air and other media; economic costs and employment costs; energy loss; unsustainability; and incompatibility with other waste management systems. It also deals with problems specific to Southern countries.
- A STUDY OF HOSPITAL WASTE MANAGEMENT STATUS IN HEALTH FACILITIES OF AN URBAN AREA
Purpose of the study was to highlight certain aspects of hospital waste management status in health facilities providing health care in an urban area. This study is focused on awareness of health facilities about CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) rules, hospital waste management training status, maintenance of records and accident reporting system and proper disposal of hospital waste.
- AN EVALUATION OF CLINICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN GABORONE CITY COUNCIL HEALTHCARE FACILITIES
The management of clinical waste is of great importance due to its infectious and hazardous nature that can cause risks on environment and public health. The study was conducted to evaluate clinical waste management practices and to determine the amount of waste generated in five purposively selected healthcare facilities in Gaborone City Council.
- SUSTAINABLE SURGERY IN WASTE MANAGEMENT
Dr. Cassandra Thiel, a Fulbright-Nehru Scholar, studied the surgical system at Aravind Eye Hospital in Pondicherry. She collected data on the materials used: where they came from, how they were sterilized between cases, and how they were disposed after use.
- CHALLENGES TO WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN INDIAN HEALTH CARE SECTOR
The management of health care waste is of great importance due to its infectious and hazardous nature that can cause undesirable effects on humans and environment. Government regulations and growing public awareness regarding health care waste issues have forced health care units to adopt suitable strategies for managing this waste. In fact, many techniques are available for health care waste reduction and management. However waste management practices in health care sector are not free from challenges. In this study an attempt has been made to identify major health care waste management challenges faced by health care units in India.
- HOSPITAL POLLUTION PREVENTION (P-2) STRATEGIES
This document was prepared in partial fulfillment of a pollution prevention (P-2) grant received by the Environmental Management Branch (EMB) within the California Department of Health Services from Region IX of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA).
- AN OUNCE OF PREVENTION: WASTE REDUCTION STRATEGIES FOR HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
This book is an attempt to illustrate a basic, but comprehensive, approach to implementing waste reduction and recycling strategies in health care facilities. Although many of the examples and approaches in this book focus on hospitals, other health care facilities face similar issues in managing their waste and also will benefit from the tools and resources presented herein.
- CLINICAL AND RELATED WASTE MANAGEMENT POLICY
Waste is anything discarded by an individual, household or organisation. As a result waste is a complex mixture of different substances, only some of which are intrinsically hazardous to health. The generation, transport and disposal of wastes may present threats to the environment and public health, but potential impacts depend on the types of waste management options chosen and their implementation.
- GUIDELINES FOR COMMON BIO-MEDICAL WASTE TREATMENT FACILITIES
A common bio-medical waste treatment facility (CBWTF) is a set up where biomedical waste generated from a number of healthcare units, is imparted necessary treatment to reduce adverse effects that this waste may pose. The treated waste may finally be sent for disposal in a landfill or for recycling purposes. Installation of individual treatment facilities by small healthcare units requires comparatively high capital investment.
- HEALTH PROFESSIONS COUNCIL OF SOUTH AFRICA - GUIDELINES FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF HEALTH CARE WASTE
These guidelines form an integral part of the standards of professional conduct against which a complaint of professional misconduct will be evaluated.
- PHARMACEUTICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT GUIDE
- NATIONAL GUIDELINES FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE HEALTH CARE INDUSTRY
The national guidelines for health industry waste management aim to entrance and protect public health and safety; to provide a safer working environment; to minimise waste generation and the environmental impact of waste treatment and disposal and to facilitate compliance with regulatory requirements.
- GUIDE TO HEALTH CARE WASTE MANAGEMENT FOR THE COMMUNITY HEALTH WORKER
Medical waste can be hazardous; if you do not dispose of it correctly, health personnel, waste handlers, and the community risk being seriously injured or infected. This is true no matter where you provide health care—at the facility or at the community level. Establishing good practices for proper handling and disposal of health care waste is an important part of the health care delivery system.
- GUIDE FOR SUSTAINABLE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE HEALTH-CARE SECTOR
- HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT GUIDEBOOK FOR NORTH AND SOUTH CAMPUS LABORATORIES
The scope of this document covers hazardous waste management, training, and disposal requirements specified by the USEPA and NYSDEC for laboratory personnel. Specifically, this document is designed to comply with the regulations given in 40 CFR 260-272 by the USEPA and 6 NYCRR Part 373 by NYSDEC for satellite accumulation areas managed by employees of the UB North and South campuses.
- ISWA GUIDELINES ON TRAINING STRATEGIES FOR HEALTHCARE WASTE MANAGEMENT
- HEALTH CARE WASTE MANAGEMENT GUIDANCE NOTE
The goal of this guidance note is to raise awareness of the importance of proper healthcare waste (HCW) management, help define the various types of healthcare waste, and offer practical guidance on ways to assess and improve HCW management in a variety of settings. This note intends to serve an internal World Bank audience.
- MODULE - INFECTIOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FOR THE ETHIOPIAN HEALTH CENTER TEAM
This module is prepared for Health Officer, Nurse, Environmental Health Technician and Laboratory Technician professionals as they work as a team to safely handle and dispose of infectious wastes in health centers in Ethiopia.
- NATIONAL HEALTH CARE WASTE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES
These Guidelines aim to provide a step-by-step guide for managers and generators of health care waste in order to ensure that it is handled and managed in such a manner that it has no adverse effects on human health or the environment.
- MANAGING HEALTH CARE WASTE DISPOSAL: GUIDELINES ON HOW TO CONSTRUCT, USE, AND MAINTAIN A WASTE DISPOSAL UNIT
This guidelines focus upon specifications, installation, and operation and maintenance procedures of a WDU: in this case, the De Montfort incinerator.
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