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Dear Readers,
What is the eye care like in different regions of the world? This issue of Sitenews focuses on different resources available to give us better insight into eye care resources of different regions of the world. The materials have been categorized to represent the different continents of the world. The specific regions being North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia.
Most of the resources are available at the National level. It includes materials related to the blindness statistics either of eye care in general or about a particular eye disease. Some of the resource outlines the results of a research study undertaken or it shares about a project carried out in a particular area.
The resources will be of immense interest to those involved in the planning of eye care
The featured website is Christian Blind Mission.
Hope this issue will impart the resources which are worth to be read. Looking forward to come up with more resources in future.
We wish you an experience of learning that is very practical. Your feedback will let us know how we can improve. Please write in your feedback at eyesite@aravind.org. We look forward to your feedback.
We wish our readers an informative reading!

Happy reading!
Regards,
Vision 2020 e-resource team
The Issue Features...
Global Eye Care Programme
Vol. 5 No. 3 March 2008
•   Global Blindness
•   North America
•   South America
•   Europe
•   Africa
•   Asia
•   Australia
•   Featured Organization

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      Despite considerable efforts in many developing countries, through national blindness prevention programmes, the global number of blind and visually disabled seems to be growing, mainly as an effect of population increase and aging. Thus, the most recent (1997) projected estimate for world blindness points to some 45 million blind, and an additional 135 million visually disabled (low vision). About 80% of blindness is avoidable (preventable or curable), and 90% of the world's blind live in a developing country.
      Given this alarming situation, with a potential doubling of the world's blindness burden by 2020, a series of consultations were held during 1996 and 1997, between the WHO Programme and the Task Force to the Partnership Committee of collaborating Non-Governmental Organisations, with a view to developing a common agenda for global action against avoidable blindness. The expected result would be a strengthened and accelerated movement for blindness prevention, particularly in the developing world. As a result of these discussions, the Global Initiative for the elimination of avoidable blindness is focusing on a few priority disorders, and on what action needs to be taken from now to the year 2020, in terms of (i) disease control; (ii) human resource development; and (iii) infrastructure strengthening and appropriate technology development for eye-care delivery.

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  • Every 5 seconds, someone in our world goes blind. A child goes blind every minute.
  • Currently, 37 million people in our world are blind, and an additional 135 million have a severe visual impairment. 90% of these people live in the poorest countries of our world.
  • 1.5 million children in the world are blind, and another 500,000 go blind each year. The majority of these children die before their 13th birthday.
  • 90% of the worlds blind children have no opportunity to attend school, and 80% of blind adults cannot work, because they lack training facilities.
  • Without VISION 2020, over 200 million people will be visually impaired by the year 2020.
  • CARE-BELIZE

  • Abstract:
    Partner BCVI (P1515) initiated a pilot project in Toledo district in 2002. Following 6 months of developing and initiating this pilot project, over 50 children were identified as having a physical disability. On november 2002, CARE-Belize was officially chartered as NGO embracing the concept of Community Based Rehabilitation. At close 2005 the agency was providing CBR Services to over 110 children in 5 of 6 districs all over the country. The aim of the programme is to provide nationwide Rehabilitation, Education, Advocacy and Networking Services to disabled children from birth to six using a CBR model.

  • LOW VISION CUBA

  • Abstract:
    Based in Havanna, this programme aims at providing low vision devices and services on a national level. Emphasis is on low vision in children. Measures planned are the screening of children both in regular and special schools, basic low vision training of ophthalmologists, awareness activities for general practioners as well as the examination and rehabilitation of children and adults with low vision.

  • PROGRAMA NACIONAL DE SALUD VISUAL (FUDEM)

  • Abstract:
    FUDEM Centro de Salud Visual is located in the capital city of El Salvador. This association has successfully developed eye care services in different regions of the country. Eye surgeries for poor people are carried out and low cost spectacles provided are produced in their own optical workshop, which has leaded them to self-sustainability. In 2005 they are planning to complete the establishment of a fully equipped visual clinic.

  • BLINDNESS PREVENTION IN WESTERN GUATEMALA

  • Abstract:
    After the completion of a study on the prevalence of blindness (RACSS) in 2004, the Comit Prociegos y Sordos de Guatemala decided to start a prevention of blindness programme in the Western departments of Suchitepequez, Retalhuleu, Chimaltenango, Sacatepequez and Solol (the endemic area of Trachoma). Here a total population of 1.3 million will be served many of whom live in difficult socio-economic circumstances. As the ophthalmological services in the catchment are deficient, it is the main objective of the programme to use the infrastructure of the Comit so as to establish permanent cataract services including detection, referrals and surgeries in coordination with regional eye hospitals and community participation

  • EYE CARE NORTHERN HAITI

  • Abstract:
    This project has been initiated by co-worker Henselmeyer from the Grace Children Hospital, P579, in the late 90's as an outreach program. Meanwhile it was extended by Dr. Ritza Eugene and Dr. Guerline Roney. In partnership with International Child Care, project Eye Care Northern Haiti will be based at the St. Justinien Hospital located in Cap Haitian. It will provide outreach clinics in the northern part of the country in the areas of Grande Riviere, Port Margot, Bahon, Bas-Limbe and Gonaives.

  • VISION 2000

  • Abstract:
    The PBL programme Vision 2000 is located in Manzanillo, the main port on the Pacific coast of Mexico with an approx. population of 150,000. A small eye clinic offers low cost consultancy, refraction and surgery for persons with scarce resources in the rural and urban communities in the state of Colima (600,000 population). It is planned to seek cooperation with the Ministry of Health so as to extend the coverage of the programme.

  • PREVENTION OF BLINDNESS PROJECT TABASCO

  • Abstract:
    The Instituto de la Visin Sureste is located in Comalcalco, district of Cunduacn, in the South Eastern state of Tabasco, Mexico. The Adventist International Eye Society of Mexico (AIES) started this prevention of blindness programme so as to make the state of Tabasco with a population of 2 million people, a zone free of treatable blindness. Most patients in Comalcalco come from a poor socio-economic background. Apart from consolidating this programme for low cost good quality eye care, cooperation with the University of Montemorelos with regard to a residency programme is taking place. Furthermore, affordable eye glasses are provided and for the future it is planned to start a low vision programme.

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      The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that without major intervention, the number of people who are blind will increase to 75 million by 2020. This projection is based on an ageing world population along with the continuing cycle of poverty in many developing countries. Without intervention, the costs in terms of human hardship, loss of productivity, rehabilitation, education and medical services will be virtually unsupportable. In response, WHO in partnership with the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness launched the VISION 2020 campaign to unite organisations in fighting the causes of blindness. The Foundation is a partner in VISION 2020.
  • INSTITUTO HELEN KELLER REHABILITACION VISUAL,ESCUELA PARA NIOS

  • Abstract:
    This public blind school and low vision rehabilitation centre in Crdoba is run by CBM partner Cooperadora Helen Keller, and serves 268 beneficiaries. 1. Rehabilitation centre for visually impaired, run in cooperation with ULAC/ONCE/CBM, is serving as a low cost pilot project in Argentina. Professional staff has been trained by ONCE Madrid, the Malbran Institute in Buenos Aires and CBM partner VIDI Institute, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 2. Very good blind schools with a good integration programme into regular schools. It is also a training centre for teachers of the blind, especially in the fields of early intervention, low vision and multi-deficit. Former director has become the Regional Office's adviser in education and rehabilitation of the blind and visually impaired and is ICEVI's chairperson for Latin America.

  • CBR PROGRAM YANAPASIA

  • Abstract:
    Community Based Rehabilitation programme, located in the department of La Paz, Bolivia, where three local Caritas organizations are developing a network of rehabilitation services for poor people with disability. Supported by Caritas-Germany and CBM, it has the professional input of a local coworker from Caritas and CBM advisers. Main objectives of the programme are the inclusion of persons with disabilities in the community and to guarantee fundamental rights to life, education, health and work. An important aspect of the project is advocacy at local, departmental and national level.The program served 127 clients in 2005.

  • COMMUNITY BASED REHABILITATION 'HOPEFUL STEPS'

  • Abstract:
    The Guyana Community Based Rehabilitation Programme (also known as GCBRP Hopeful Steps) is one of the oldest CBR programmes in Latin America and the Caribbean. It covers seven of the ten administrative regions of Guyana with nine local CBR programmes. It provides basic rehabilitation services for people with disabilities, approx. 400 clients, and facilitates their inclusion into family, community and school life. In collaboration with MoH, CBM is supporting an early detection and intervention programme for children in Georgetown, as well as inclusive education as part of the CBR Programme. The GCBRP receives support from the Italian NGO Amici Di Raoul Follereau (AIFO) and has a core of committed, skilled volunteers (VSO). Training is a key feature of the programme.

  • PROGRAMA VISIN

  • Abstract:
    Fundacin Visin runs a national prevention of blindness programme in Asuncin, Paraguay, which includes residency training of ophthalmologists, with an emphasis on community eye health. In 2005, a total of 1832 cataract surgeries were carried out. The construction of a large base eye hospital was started at the end of 2005 and is planned to be completed end of 2006. Other satellite clinics around the country will be gradually installed - such as the one in Coronel Oviedo, central Paraguay, which was built with CBM support. Medical director is CBM co-worker and regional medical adviser who is also chairman of the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) for Latin America. In 2005, a prevention of deafness program was attached to the project and a mental health program will start in 2006 in the department of Boquern, Central Chaco.

  • FBU - UNIDAD DE REHABILITACIN VISUAL

  • Abstract:
    This visual rehabilitation unit, located in Montevideo, Uruguay, is run by Fundacin Braille del Uruguay (FBU). A professional team provides low vision services to 116 severely visually impaired people. Spanish NGO ONCE provided building, equipment and training of staff, while CBM support focuses on low vision devices and visual rehabilitation services for the poor.
Europe
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      Countries of the western European region generally follow the pattern characteristic of the most industrialised regions of the world. In principle, eye care services are provided by state or private institutions. Refraction and basic ophthalmic care are in some countries partly in the hands of optometrists and opticians, while medical professionals specialising in ophthalmology in addition to refraction deal with eye diseases and provide ophthalmic surgery. This contrasts with the conditions in the countries in the eastern European region, which share similarities in eye care services. They apply to eye care personnel, their educational curricula, establishments providing eye care, and their financial conditions. It is a commonly observed fact that there are large numbers of physicians in the eastern European region, and this applies to ophthalmology too. The number of ophthalmologists may be as high as 100 eye doctors per one million inhabitants. This situation has several implications. A high percentage of ophthalmologists are surgically inactive, providing first line diagnostic services and medical treatment in their offices. Because of the quite dense coverage of inhabited regions of eastern Europe by physicians trained in ophthalmology, the number of optometrists is substantially lower or their services are almost non-existent. There is a good market for opticians instead, who often also offer a basic eye examination. In many countries, physicians employed by state healthcare institutions are remarkably underpaid, which decreases their motivation. There is a rather vague resident and fellow postgraduate educational system compared with the current practice of western Europe. However, many countries are undergoing a process of transition in their postgraduate education in ophthalmology, approaching western European standards (for instance, Hungary). In the majority of eastern European countries, young physicians gain their postgraduate education in ophthalmology during the first years of their employment contract at an eye department. The programme is usually not particularly structured on a daily basis, and their progress reflects their own initiative. In the majority of countries, certification in ophthalmology is based on examining the candidate by a state board. Ophthalmic nurses are recruited among general certified nurses. Their knowledge is mostly based on hands-on experience gained during the first months of their work contract. There is a limited number of specialized schools for optometrists, while schools for opticians are more accessible.
  • MALA KUCA (LITTLE HOUSE)

  • Abstract:
    The project Mala Kuca (= Little House) in Zagreb, Croatia, has the overall goal to address the needs of blind and multiply disabled blind children by providing therapeutical, educational, vocational and rehabilitational programs. Apart from operating a day-care centre in Zagreb, the multi-disciplinary team of Vision of Hope is extending their services for (multi) disabled children and adults to other parts of Croatia. As governmental support for the NGO is still not sufficient, CBM continues supporting running costs such as salaries, whereas since 2004 this support has been gradually reduced. In 2006 CBM started supporting the development of low vision services, whereas the focus is put on training of local low vision experts.

  • SFT IMPLEMENTATION FIRST PHASE

  • Abstract:
    Funds for SFT implementation first phase.

  • INTERDISCIPLINARY CONSULTANCY

  • Abstract:
    From 2007 onwards, all activities of the different Advisory Working Groups (formerly under P 2111 - P 2114) are budgeted under this project. At the time of budget preparation, the new structure of advisory work is not finally decided upon, therefore the structure of the Advisory Groups is kept for the formulation of the 2007 budget.

  • REHABILITATION CENTRE FOR MULTIPLE HANDICAPPED BLIND

  • Abstract
    In the Region of Upper Silesia (South Poland) a high number of multiple disabled blind adults have been without rehabilitation services and employment. To provide rehabilitation and employment, three sheltered workshops have been set up by CBM-partner Regionalna Fundacja Pomocy Niewidomym (Regional Foundation for the Blind) in the cities of Chorzow (1999), Zawiercie (2002) and Czerwionka-Leszczyny (2004). CBM has been supporting the partner by providing start-up financing (needed for renovation of premises, equipment/machinery/furniture, transport, training).

  • CENTER FOR REHABILITATION OF VISUALLY IMPAIRED CHILDREN 'LEVENJA

  • Abstract:
    The Education and Rehabilitation Centre for low vision children LEWENJA is located in Lviv, Western Ukraine. The Centre, which is caring for about 175 visually impaired children aged 3-12, has been founded in 1996 as pilot project. LEWENJA is being operated as a day school and not a boarding school, as it is usually the case in the field of special education in the Ukraine. Besides kindergarden, pre-school and primary schooling, basic early intervention services, medical rehabilitation and integrated education are being offered by the centre, which is being operated by a very dedicated team.

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  • Around 1% of Africans are blind
  • Around 7.1 of the world's 38 million blind people live in sub-Saharan Africa Around 60% of Africa's blind are women (Lewallen and Courtright. Blindness in Africa: present situation and future needs. Br J Ophthalmol. 2001 Aug;85(8):897-903).
  • Around 50% of blindness in sub-Saharan Africa is due to cataract
  • An estimated 2.2 million Africans are blind due to trachoma
  • There are an estimated 300,000 blind children in Africa.
  • Africa has 1 ophthalmologist per 1,000,000 population.
  • The prevalence of blinding cataract in sub-Saharan Africa is around 0.5%
  • PREVENTION OF BLINDNESS IN SOUTH AFRICA - NATIONAL GUIDELINE

  • Abstract:
    This article describes in brief about the prevention of blindness, and the national eye care programme conducted in South Africa. In 1999, the WHO launched a global plan for the elimination of avoidableblindnes by the year 2020, The South African National Prevention of blindness programme is a component of this global initiative, and is committed to the elimination of avoidable blindness in South Africa by the year 2020.

  • RAPID ASSESSMENT OF AVOIDABLE BLINDNESS IN WESTERN RWANDA: BLINDNESS IN A POSTCONFLICT SETTING

  • Abstract:
    The aim of this study was to conduct a Rapid Assessment for Avoidable Blindness to estimate the magnitude and causes of visual impairment in people aged = 50 y in the post conflict area of the Western Province of Rwanda, which includes one-quarter of the population of Rwanda.

  • SOUTH WEST PROVINCE EYE CARE PROGRAMME, CAMEROON

  • Abstract:
    This article tells in detail about the plan framed for the south west province eye care programme. It also tells in detail about the eye care preventive measures that have to be undertaken, the infrastructure requirement for the programme.

  • SETTING THE PACE FOR VISION 2020 IN GHANA: THE CASE OF BAWKU EYE CARE PROGRAMME

  • Abstract:
    This article briefs about the Eye care statistics of Ghana, The Causes of visual impairment and blindness, Eye care delivery performance, suggestions and fundamental reforms needed for ophthalmic practice.

  • NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR PREVENTION OF BLINDNESS NPBL

  • Abstract:
    The National Programme for Prevention of Blindness is run by a sub-department of the Diseases Prevention and Control Department of the Federal Ministry of Health of Ethiopia. The National Programme for Prevention of Blindness is assisted by a WHO VISION 2020 coordinator. It is guided by a VISION 2020 compliant National Committee for Prevention of Blindness where all major stakeholders including CBM are represented in its executive committee. It also supports a training programme of ophthalmic nurses and supplies medicines, consumables and ophthalmic equipments/instruments for eye departments that are under the direct jurisdiction of the Federal Ministry of Health.

  • EYE PROJECT "BOA VISTA" SOLE

  • Abstract
    Boa Vista is situated in Benguela in southern Angola. It is run by Solidariedade Evangelica (SOLE), the Angolan division of Schweizer Alliance Mission. Together with the eye clinic at Chambangala in Lubongo, also supported through Boa Vista, this project provides the only eye care for the 8 southern provinces of Angola, with a total population of about 6 million. The estimated prevalence of blindness is 1% of which 50% is due to cataract. Glaucoma and corneal scar are the other leading causes of blindness. Boa Vista comprises an outpatient clinic, a 14 bed ward, an operating room, and support facilities. The ophthalmologists working at each of Boa Vista and Chambangala run eye clinics and do eye surgery both at their bases and on outreach.

  • INTEGRATED SERVICES FOR THE HANDICAPPED PEOPLE OF BUJUMBURA

  • Abstract
    This Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) programme in Bujumbura covers a population of approximately 400.000 people. Services to people living with physical and visual disabilities are rendered through home visits by fieldworkers. The CBR project also offers support to a school for deaf children and a small eye unit which runs a weekly consultation and operating day. Peaceful presidential elections were held in Burundi in 2005 bringing an end to a prolonged civil war. As movement of people eases, the project received more referral patients from other projects. Additionally, visits by expatriate ophthalmologists have also contributed to the project's output in the different fields of intervention.

  • COMMUNITY BASED REHABILITATION PROGRAMME MBINGO

  • Abstract
    Community Based Rehabilitation Programme Mbingo has been supported by CBMI in partnership with the Cameroon Baptist Convention (CBC) Health Board since 1982. It provides comprehensive rehabilitation to people living with disabilities in the North West Province of Cameroon. Potentially 500,000 persons can be reached. The programme is conducting community eye screenings in coordination with Mbingo Baptist Hospital (P2129) and there is a deaf education component in the form of a deaf school, which started in 2001. The programme is successfully giving sign language courses in the community to the families of deaf children attending the school.

  • PROGRAMME NATIONAL DE LUTTE CONTRE LA CCIT

  • Abstract:
    The National Prevention of Blindness Plan for Cameroon with a population of 14.8 million was signed by the Minister of Health in January 2003. It was then launched on World Sight Day in October 2003 in Yaounde. The Minister of Health, the WHO and the NGDOs held a stakeholders implementation conference in January 2004, where a plan of action for the mobilization of funding was developed.

  • PROGRAMME NATIONAL DE LUTTE CONTRE L'ONCHOCERCOSE

  • Abstract:
    The National Program Lutte contre l'Onchocercose is a country wide approach to eliminate Onchocerciasis and its blinding effects in the Central African Republic (CAR). The Programs' main bases are in the capital city Bangui (population: 400,000) and in Bossangoa (population: 176,000), around 300 km north. The program is executed in partnership with the Ministry of Health and seeks to distribute Mectizan to all people at risk of Onchocerciasis in the country (33.3% of the population). Onchocerciasis is the most important cause of bilateral blindness in CAR. The National Program for Mectizan Distribution suffered considerably during the 2003 civil war, when activities had come to a complete stop for about 8 months. Since the end of the civil war activities are back to normal. The most recent success in the fight against avoidable blindness in CAR was the execution of a Vision 2020 workshop in January 2005; National and Regional Health Plans were elaborated and a coordinated effort is agreed upon by all stakeholders. Currently, the National Prevention of Blindness Committee (NPBC) is finalizing the overall plan for the prevention of blindness in CAR. CBM is contributing its professional expertise as well as salary payments to the various coordination teams in the country.

  • PROGRAMME NATIONAL DE LUTTE CONTRE LA CCIT

  • Abstract:
    In partnership with the Ministry of Health of the Central African Republic (CAR), CBM is implementing the National Blindness Prevention Program, aiming to eliminate all avoidable causes of blindness in the CAR by the year 2020. It therefore is part of the worldwide campaign Vision 2020, initiated by CBM and the World Health Organization (WHO), among others. The Program Program National de Lutte contre la Ccit is based in Bossangoa (population: 176,000) in the rural North West part of CAR, around 300 km north of the capital city Bangui. In CAR, 3% of the population is blind or disabled from visual impairment; for bilateral blindness, Onchocerciasis is the most important cause. After the partly destruction of the programs' premises during the 2003 civil war, the German Blindness Prevention Committee and CBM financed its rehabilitation in 2004. The activities of the program are since then back to normalcy, with an output of more than 1,200 eye consultations in 2005, surgeries on Cataract, Glaucoma, Trachoma and Trichiasis, and medical out-reach to the remote areas of the North-West of the country. The eye department is run by a cataract surgeon and an operating theatre nurse, both trained at CFOAC institute.

  • PROGRAMME NATIONAL DE LA SANT OCULAIRE ET DE LA VISION

  • Abstract:
    Programme National de la Sante Oculaire et de la Vision (PNSOV) coordination office under the umbrella of the Ministry of Health, is situated in Kinshasa, DRC. The project is meant to coordinate all blindness programmes for a population of over 62 million people, of which 1.2% (744,000) is blind, and 50% of the blind population is due to curable cataract. In February 2005, the Minister of Health signed the national plan, allowing it the possibility to be implemented. The plan will cover all the 11 provinces with a total 45 districts. In 2005 the program already began intervention of priority areas,which are Lubumbashi and Kindu.

  • PROJET OPHTALMOLOGIQUE CONAKRY

  • Abstract:
    The Bartimee Hospital eye programme is located in a poor suburb Conakry, Guinea's capital city. A national doctor has completed his training in the Diploma of Ophthalmology programme of the West Africa College of Surgeons and a national nurse has returned from IOTA in Mali. A second national doctor is enrolled in the second year of the Francophone DO Programme at DESSO.

  • EYE CARE PROGRAMME C/O IGREJA EVANG. DA G.-B

  • Abstract:
    The Eye Care Programme of the Evangelical Church of Guinea Bissau (Igreja Evangelica da Guine Bissau) is based out of the capital city of Bissau. The project is trying to rebuild its activities in two rural areas and the capital of this very impoverished country. Two national ophthalmologists were trained in the Anglophone Diploma of Ophthalmology with the West Africa College of Surgeons. A small eye hospital has been completed in the capital of Bissau to be used as their base. Together with the government ophthalmologist, the project is working toward a National Prevention of Blindness Programme for this country of over 1.3 million people.

  • AIC PREVENTION OF BLINDNESS PROGRAMME

  • Abstract:
    This prevention of blindness program provides services in remote areas of northern Kenya. In addition to its primary eye care activities, this program provides a referral network enabling eye patients to access surgical services.

  • PREVENTION OF BLINDNESS PROGRAMME

  • Abstract:
    This Prevention of Blindness Programme with the Christian Health Association of Liberia, located in the capital of Monrovia, has been acting as the umbrella for clearing and forwarding goods to the Liberian hospitals as well as CBM assistance to Curran Lutheran Hospital in Lofa County and St. Joseph's Catholic Hospital in Monrovia. It also helps to facilitate the gifts-in-kind containers from CBMI member associations. A part-time CBM country coordinator has taken over the supervision, coordination and reporting activities. It is planned to request the merger of Curran Lutheran Hospital with Phebe Lutheran Hospital P455 in 2008 into an overall Lutheran Eye Care Programme because only one ophthalmologist is covering both programmes.

  • LIONS SIGHT FIRST MADAGASCAR

  • Abstract:
    The Lions Sight First Madagascar (LSFM) programme is based in Antananarivo, the capital of Madagascar. It is run by LSFM a locally registered charitable organization in Madagascar. The programme concentrates on the equipping of dormant government hospital eye departments and the provision of consumables to those hospitals. It puts a heavy emphasis on cataract case finding, which is done on a voluntary basis by Lions Club members. The project organizes the transport of eye patients to and from hospitals and the payment of surgery fees. Respective agreements have been signed with 14 eye hospitals, where patients are referred. It also assists with the training of ophthalmologists, by provision of scholar-ships. The population of Antananarivo city is 1,2 million, and of the city + surrounding districts is estimated to be about 2,5 million. The total population of Madagascar is 17,5 million. The estimated prevalence of blindness is 1%, of which 50% is due to cataract. Glaucoma and corneal scar are the other leading causes of blindness.

  • THE NATIONAL VISION 2020 SUPPORT PROGRAMME-JIGAWA STATE

  • Abstract:
    It is estimated that at least 7 million people in Nigeria are infected with onchocerciasis. This screening and Mectizan distribution programme is active in Jigawa State, which is one of four states that has been designated to CBM by the National Onchocerciasis Control Programme. Since 2004, the focus of activities has changed to include primary eye care work, cataract outreach surgery for poor patients and trichiasis operations for trachoma patients. Ophthalmologists from ECWA Eye Hospital-Kano are involved in carrying out the cataract surgery in centres selected by the oncho team. The national Low Vision Programme has been incorporated into this project, whose administration office is located in Jos, Plateau State in central Nigeria.This is an AUSAID funded project.

  • THE NATIONAL VISION 2020 SUPPORT PROGRAMME - KANO STATE

  • Abstract:
    It is estimated that 7 million people in Nigeria are infected with onchocerciasis. The screening and Mectizan distribution programme is also active in Kano State, which is one of the four states that has been designated to CBM by the National Onchocerciasis Control Programme. Since 2004, the focus has changed to include primary eye care work, cataract outreach surgery for poor patients and trichiasis operations for trachoma patients. Ophthalmologists from ECWA Eye Hospital-Kano are involved in carrying out the cataract surgery at the base hospital.

  • THE NATIONAL VISION 2020 SUPPORT PROGRAMME - F.C.T.STATE

  • Abstract:
    It is estimated that 7 million people in Nigeria are infected with onchocerciasis. The screening and Mectizan distribution programme is also active in a limited area of the Federal Capital Territory, which is one of the four states that has been designated to CBM by the National Onchocerciasis Control Programme. Since 2004, the focus has changed to include primary eye care work, cataract outreach surgery for poor patients and trichiasis operations for trachoma patients. The CBM supported ophthalmologist from the Eye Department at Mkar Hospital is involved in carrying out the cataract surgery at the government hospital.

  • PNLC RWANDA - PREVENTION OF BLINDNESS IN NORTHERN-WESTERN PROVINCES

  • Abstract:
    This component of the Rwanda National Plan for Blindness Prevention covers four northern and western Provinces of Byumba, Ruhengeri, Gisenyi and Kibuye. The project's main objective is to ensure the provision of effective, accessible and affordable ophthalmic services targeting all persons suffering from avoidable blindness or severe visual impairment in the target area. The strategy used involves the development of human resources and the provision equipment, consumables and medicines to eye units in district hospitals.

  • MWANZA REGION PREVENTION OF BLINDNESS PROGRAMME

  • Abstract:
    This eye department is located within the Sengerema hospital some 30 km from the large urban centre of Mwanza, Tanzania along the southern shores of Lake Victoria. A government seconded Cataract Surgeon is the program head. An urban eye service has been developed in Mwanza through collaboration with the large government hospital (Sekou Traore) in Mwanza where a dedicated eye theatre and out patient have been provided.

  • MASHONOLAND EAST VISION 2020 PROGRAMME

  • Abstract:
    This programme is based at Marondera Provincial Hospital, 75km east of Harare in Zimbabwe. It is run by the Mashonaland East Provincial Health Department, in cooperation with the Council for the Blind, which is based in Bulawayo. The population of the province is about 1,4 million. The estimated prevalence of blindness is 1%, of which 50% is due to cataract. Glaucoma and corneal scar are the other leading causes of blindness. The eye department shares facilities in the outpatient department of the general hospital. Wards with 30beds for eye patients and the use of an operating room have been made available for two days per week. Cataract case finding is undertaken in the province. The opthalmologist runs eye clinics and does surgery both at the hospital and on outreach

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      Over the next decade the need for effective blindness prevention and treatment programs will become an increasingly urgent problem on a global level.
      The number of people in need is growing far more rapidly than the eye care services to help them. It is commonly estimated that without proper interventions, the number of blind people in the world will increase from 37 million today to 75 million by 2020. At present, another 135 million have debilitating low vision.
  • NATIONAL COORDINATION FOR COMPREHENSIVE EYE WORK, AFGHANISTAN

  • Abstract :
    The National Coordinator for Comprehensive Eye Care in Afghanistan is a position which is defined in the approved National Plan. This position within the Ministry of Public Health in Kabul is designed to support the implementation of the National Plan for Comprehensive Eye Care. The Ministry of Public Health with the support of CBM and funds from AusAid is running a Trachoma Control Programme. In 2006 a door to door survey was completed.

  • THE EYE HEALTH PROGRAMME IN DERA GHAZI KHAN DISTRICT, PAKISTAN

  • Abstract:
    This article briefs in detail about the current eye care prevalence and the need in Dera Ghazi Khan District at Pakistan. The comprehensive district eye care programme was designed in partnership with the government in 2001. Twenty-two districts were chosen for the delivery of the programme, 19 districts have so far been included. It also describes the factors that have to be considered and have to be implemented for conducting the eye health programme in the district.

  • NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR CONTROL OF BLINDNESS

  • Abstract:
    The primary purpose of the District Blindness Control Society is to plan, implement and monitor blindness control activities in the district as per pattern of assistance approved for the National Programme for Control of Blindness.

  • CAMBODIA'S NATIONAL EYE CARE PROGRAMME AND VISION 2020: THE RIGHT TO SIGHT

  • Abstract:
    This article briefs about the services of the Cambodias National Eye Care Programme and Vision2020 Right to the sight services for the prevention of blindness. This include to provide eye care services in each region of Cambodia and to reduce blindness to less than 0.5% prevalence by the year 2005. Human resource development is considered the top priority in these plans. In addition, the plan also covers the development of facilities / materials, sourcing of financial resources, management and specific control of locally endemic diseases for the different levels of eye care.

  • PERCEPTIONS OF EYE DISEASES AND EYE CARE NEEDS OF CHILDREN AMONG PARENTS IN RURAL SOUTH INDIA: THE KARIAPATTI PEDIATRIC EYE EVALUATION PROJECT (KEEP)

  • Abstract:
    This article describes about the focus group discussions conducted separately for parents and grandparents to analyze the awareness and attitudes towards eye problems in children, specific eye diseases, vision problems in children, existing health practices, and utilization of services.

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      There is considerable geographical variability in rates of ophthalmic care in Australia even though prevalence of vision impairment and many eye diseases do not vary geographically and access to eye care is provided for through Medicare. Rates of cataract surgery have been found to vary between the Australian states. Although the rate of surgery increased from 16.4 per 1000 to 32 per 1000 over the 10 year period 198494, the rate of increase varied between states from 1.5 and 1.7 in Western Australia and New South Wales, respectively, to 2.3 and 2.4 in Victoria and South Australia. Other surgical procedures have varied by up to 2.5 times between and within Australian states. The geographical variation in rates within metropolitan areas did not appear to be associated with the supply of resources, although the high variability suggests the presence of barriers to the access of healthcare services.
  • VISION 2020: THE RIGHT TO SIGHTAUSTRALIA

  • Abstract:
    This article describes Vision 2020: The Right to Sight Australia, a initiative that supports increased public awareness of, and greater access to, the services and treatments that are available to improve the visual health of all Australians.

  • EYE CARE PROGRAM IN THE EASTERN HIGHLANDS

  • Abstract:
    The Eye Care Programme in the Eastern Highlands, known as Goroka Eye Unit, is based at the provincial hospital in Goroka, the capital of Eastern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea. The project is in partnership with the Christian Brothers, PNG. It begun with the secondment of CBM seconded ophthalmologist, Dr. Van Lansingh in 1995. It was inaugurated in August 31, 1998, and officially named Edmund Rice Eye and Ear Clinic, in honour of the Christian Brothers' founder. The unit provides vital eye services to the region, conducts outreach surgical missions to remote and underserved areas in the country, trains nurses and other auxilliary staff in basic eye care and identification of cataract. The University of Papua New Guinea has granted official training status to the Eye Unit, enabling it to train national doctors and nurses.

  • PACIFIC MISSIONARY AVIATION "MEDICAL SERVICES"

  • Abstract:
    Pacific Missionary Aviation (PMA) is a medical and evangelical international Christian organisation, with business offices in Guam, USA and field offices in Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia. PMA's services in Micronesia consist of disaster relief, evacuation and rescue services, medical services which include primary health care education and eye care services, youth work and media good news ministries. The Sea Haven ship is used to bring the Gospel and medical care to islands without an airstrip.

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Christian Blind Mission
      CBM's aim is to serve persons with visual impairment as well as people with other disabilities in developing countriesregardless of their nationality, sex, or religion. The history of CBM goes back to 1908, when the organisation was founded by the German Pastor Ernst Jakob Christoffel. Since then, CBM has become one of the leading professional organisations for people with disabilities worldwide. Currently, CBM supports 1005 projects in 113 countries.
      Today, CBM's fields of work cover not only the prevention and cure of blindness, but also the education and rehabilitation of people with physical, mental, or intellectual disabilities. CBM implements its programmes through local partners. The financial resources, know-how, and staff-support enable partners in developing countries to gradually become independent of foreign aid. Ten CBM member countries and major donors provide the funds CBM needs to implement the worldwide programmes.

      Overall aims of CBM's overseas work are to:
  • Enable CBM's partners to deliver services in cooperation with disabled people's interest groups,
  • Give people with disability the support they wish,
  • Promote their inclusion, and
  • Raise awareness for their needs
      To achieve these aims, CBM cooperates with global institutions and contributes to international campaigns. CBM has been recognised as a professional organisation for people with disabilities by the World Health Organisation and obtained roster consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council.

Visit our website : www.cbm.org