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Dear Readers,
Greetings on World Health Day to all our readers. This year as we celebrate our fifth year we come out in our new redesigned look. With this issue of Sitenews you will receive access to our improved website with a host of features and improved utilities. By the end of this year we hope to make our website available in Chinese and Spanish as well with e-resources in that language as well. The theme of this issue of Sitenews is on pharmacy management. This issue delves into different aspects such as practices in pharmacy which looks at best practices as well as steps to be followed for setting up pharmacy practice. It also provides strategies for better pharmacy management particularly to make the pharmacy cost effective as well as in purchasing and inventory management one of the most crucial activities of the department.

The role played by a pharmacist is no more just medical dispensing. Proper training is very much important to develop oneself to do the job of pharmacist properly.

Pharmacy layout is a key concern as space has to be optimized for quick retrieval. Laws related to pharmacy vary from region to region and several laws have been featured here.

The featured organisation is Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain (RPSGB).

We look forward to receiving your feedback about the new layout as well as about our new site.

We wish our readers an informative reading!

Happy Reading!

Regards,

Vision 2020 e-resource team
The Issue Features...
Pharmacy Management
Vol. 6 No. 4 April 2009
•   Practices in Pharmacy
•   Cost Effectiveness
•   Purchasing and Inventory Management
•   Pharmacy Training
•   Lay Out of the Pharmacy
•   Pharmacy Laws
•   Featured Organisation
•   Talk to Us

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Over the past four decades there has been a trend for pharmacy practice to move away from its original focus on medicine supply towards a more inclusive focus on patient care. The role of the pharmacist has evolved from that of a compounder and supplier of pharmaceutical products towards that of a provider of services and information and ultimately that of a provider of patient care. Increasingly, the pharmacist's task is to ensure that a patient's drug therapy is appropriately indicated, the most effective available, the safest possible, and convenient for the patient. By taking direct responsibility for individual patient's medicine- related needs, pharmacists can make a unique contribution to the outcome of drugtherapy and to their patients' quality of life.

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There is strong scientific evidence that cost-effective medications can contribute to substantial individual and public health benefits in this respect. Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation is utmost essential at this stage in pharmacy. We have provided you with articles related to cost effectiveness of pharmacy.
  • PRICE, AVAILABILITY AND AFFORDABILITY

  • Abstract:
    This report, on the prices, availability and affordability of chronic disease medicines, was prepared for the WHO Planning Meeting on the Global Initiative for Treatment of Chronic Diseases held in Cairo in December 2005. The report documents the situation in 30 countries covering all six WHO Regions. It identifies serious gaps in availability in the public sector, and high prices, and thus poor affordability, in the private sector in most countries.

  • DRUGS AND MONEY

  • Abstract:
    The article aims to provide policy makers and regulators with a compact and practical review of the various approaches which have been developed and tested to date in an effort to contain the overall costs of pharmaceutical services and drug treatment.

  • PRACTICAL PHARMACY FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

  • Abstract :
    The goal of practical pharmacy is to provide accessible and accurate information on medicines issues for front-line health workers who may not have any pharmaceutical training. This issue of practical pharmacy would be best used as a supplement to your national tuberculosis (tb) guidelines. It is extremely important for all people involved in tb care to have access to the national treatment guidelines.

  • MEDICINE PRICES, AVAILABILITY, AND AFFORDABILITY IN 36 DEVELOPING AND MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES: A SECONDARY ANALYSIS

  • Abstract :
    WHO and Health Action International (HAI) have developed a standardised method for surveying medicine prices, availability, affordability, and price components in low-income and middle-income countries. Here, it presents a secondary analysis of medicine prices and availability in 45 national and subnational surveys done using the WHO/HAI methodology.

  • MEDICINES PRICING QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

  • Abstract :
    This link contains questions and answers on medicine prices, availability and affordability.

  • DEVELOPMENT OF WHO GUIDELINES ON GENERALIZED COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS


  • MANAGING PHARMACY COSTS



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Among the many pharmacy management functions performed in a pharmacy, few have more direct impact than purchasing policies and inventory control. Sound purchasing and inventory control are closely interrelated because one cannot be effective without the other. Purchasing requires knowing the right quality and quantity to buy, when to order, at what price, and from what sources. Inventory is simply the result of this buying. Some kind of inventory control system is essential to carry out the purchasing function effectively. For example, one must know how much of a given item is in stock at a given time in order to decide whether it is time to reorder.

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Pharmacists should move from behind the counter and start serving the public by providing care instead of pills only. There is no future in the mere act of dispensing. That activity can and will be taken over by the internet, machines, and/or hardly trained technicians. The fact that pharmacists have an academic training and act as health care professionals puts a burden upon them to better serve the community than they currently do.

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The carefully designed pharmacy makes finding exactly what you need a breeze. An effective layout has to be developed for the optimum utilization of pharmacist and technician time. The layout and work system in pharmacies should facilitate optimum space utilization and ease to pharmacist and patients.

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Resources covering the subject of pharmacy law are limited in nature. We have attempted to provide you some links which speaks about pharmacy laws in this section.

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Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain (RPSGB)

     The Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain (RPSGB) is the professional and regulatory body for pharmacists in England, Scotland and Wales. It also regulates pharmacy technicians on a voluntary basis, which is expected to become statutory under anticipated legislation. The primary objectives of the Society are to lead, regulate, develop and represent the profession of pharmacy.

Website : www.rpsgb.org

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Vision 2020 e-resource team,
Lions Aravind Institute of Community Ophthalmology,
1, Annanagar, Madurai - 625 020,
Tamil Nadu, India,
E-mail:eyesite@aravind.org
Phone: 91-452-2537580